Commonly Asked Questions and Clarification

Division of Government

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Government Roles and Responsibilities

Frequently Asked Questions Related to Municipal Government

If you have any questions you need clarification on, please send us a note. We will do our best to dispel rumors and clarify information that is incorrect or misleading.

Also check out online tips from the Government of Canada related to Online Disinformation:

The purposes of a Municipality (Section 3 of the Municipal Government Act) are:

(a) to provide good government;

(a.1) to foster the well-being of the environment; and

(a.2) to foster the economic development of the municipality.

(b) to provide services, facilities or other things that, in the opinion of Council, are necessary or desirable for all or a part of the municipality;  

(c) to develop and maintain safe and viable communities; and

(d) to work collaboratively with neighbouring municipalities to plan, deliver and fund intermunicipal services.

The Municipal Government Act outlines in Section 153 the duties of councillors, which includes promoting a strategic approach to service delivery and to participate generally in the development and evaluation of programs of the municipality.

The Chief Administrative Officer (CAO) is then charged with the duty of organizational leadership, delivery of the services mandated by Council, and overseeing and reporting on service delivery.

There is a clear division of authority as mandated and delivered.

Councillors receive input and direction from the public and bring this forward into Council Meetings for decision; input and support is also provided by the CAO and Administration as the experts hired to complete their roles and department duties. Council then makes decisions and directs Administration (the CAO) to complete these. The CAO ensures activities follow correct regulations, procedures and any impacts to the organization, and Council is responsible to weigh this information in the execution of their duties as elected officials.

Lamont County Council follows a governance model. Council is not responsible for the day-to-day activities across the County, rather, it sets the direction for the municipality.

Council makes decisions on budgets, taxation and directs Administration to complete its duties in its (typically bi-weekly) Council meetings - the public is welcome and invited to attend these meetings either in person or digitally.     

Each year, Council is required to complete its budget. Budget decisions are made based on Lamont County's 2030 Strategic Plan. This plan has been created based on input from residents (either directly or through survey results and contact to Administration and Council), Council Directives, trends and developments, as well as further public engagement opportunities.

Lamont County’s Strategic Plan is “Shaping our Future”. This is because Lamont County is in a time of transition, Council has to ensure that there is an appropriate mix of long-term planning, short term successes, and appropriate staffing to execute these activities.

Lamont County Council debates and deliberates its operating and capital budget each year at its annual budget meetings (typically held in late November) with approval at the regular meeting of Council on the second Tuesday in December. These meetings include confirming and setting all projects and services based on funds available from all revenue sources, including tax dollars received from ratepayers.

The public can attend the annual budget meetings to learn more around decisions made.

The County aims to be transparent and open. Information and individual protection of privacy are crucial in the decision-making process. 

Lamont County is required to follow the Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act (FOIP) legislation. However, there are exceptions in Council meetings to protect individual and confidential information.

There are exceptions to disclosure, and the following are used to protect individuals and private/privileged information. Council moves into a closed session for discussion and direction as related to this.

Exceptions to Disclosure (Division 2 of the FOIP Act)

16 Disclosure harmful to business interests of a third party
17 Disclosure harmful to personal privacy
18 Disclosure harmful to individual or public safety
19 Confidential evaluations
20 Disclosure harmful to law enforcement
21 Disclosure harmful to intergovernmental relations
22 Cabinet and Treasury Board confidences
23 Local public body confidences
24 Advice from officials
25 Disclosure harmful to economic and other interests of a public body
26 Testing procedures, tests and audits
27 Privileged information
28 Disclosure harmful to the conservation of heritage sites, etc.
29 Information that is or will be available to the public

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As a reminder, these actions and designated input periods are regulated as part of the Municipal Government Act (MGA).

These documents are required by legislation (MGA) and there are specific requirements and timelines for public notification and engagement, including public hearings and three readings before any amendments are passed in Council.  

Lamont County's Municipal Development Plan and Strategic Plan, help the County to be prepared for economic opportunities and to ensure the best interests for Lamont County.

An LUB and/or MDP is typically reviewed every 5-10 years to update for current trends, government requirements and other economic updates. 

Also see: for the current LUB and MDP. 

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Each town and village within Lamont County operates as a distinct organization. These organizations do work together towards common goals and benefits. However, towns and villages are responsible for its residents within the incorporation (including snow removal, road and roadside maintenance, etc.). Highways are also managed distinctly by the Government of Alberta Ministry of Transportation. 

Lamont County participates collaboratively with local municipalities through the Intermunicipal Collaboration Frameworks. Intermunicipal Development Plan (IDP)'s govern development along the shared boundaries.

Economic development may occur in a town or village outside of County directions. Each organization has its own Land Use Bylaw and Municipal Development Planning. Direction is part of long-term planning and sustainability, and what is in the best interest of its residents (and planning for the future). As a reminder the Land Use Bylaw and Municipal Development Plan (and other directions and procedures) are not completed in closed door sessions and without public input. These plans are always open to public input and feedback, including presentations, open houses and in Council Meetings. These actions and designated input periods are regulated as part of the Municipal Government Act.

Both of these initiatives are legitimate processes that are reflected in legislation and available to residents to hold elected officials and municipalities accountable between elections. Across municipalities, the public can hold elected officials accountable through a petition processes. Residents have the freedom to make their own informed choices around a proposed petition and no-one should be concerned about malicious action towards anyone signing a petition. 

Note: these activities are initiated through the Government of Alberta ministry of Municipal Affairs (the Minister) after a petition is received. The Minister has the power to accept or reject any request (e.g., whether an inspection is warranted).

If an inspection or pre-inspection is directed by the Minister or a recall is confirmed, all costs are passed back to the Municipality (including investigation hours, confirmation of signed petitioners, byelection requirements, etc.). This can bear significant cost to a municipality.

  • Municipal Affairs adopted an Inspection Cost Allocation Policy that charges costs for an inspection back to the municipality. See section 579 of the MGA.

Lamont County does work with the Government of Alberta and surrounding municipalities to work in the County's best interests and opportunities. Lamont County has to follow legislative requirements such as the Municipal Government Act and other mandated procedures.

It does not subscribe to UNESCO, WEF, Agenda 21 or 15-minute community ideas that are presented by some posts and content online. 

The simple answer, is there is no hidden agenda or collusion from Council and/or Administration.

Both Council and Administration work hard to address challenges and issues, as well as to maintain the set levels of service as approved by Council each year.

Decisions are made based on information and updates available to Council and/or Administration in the best interests of Lamont County to ensure the County is adequately funded and spends appropriately—including investment into future activities and maintaining equipment and services.

If you have questions of need clarification on a decision, Administration encourages you to attend Council meetings (or view the recordings if you are unable to attend)

Meeting Agendas and Recordings,

as well as contact your Councillors. We encourage public engagement and all feedback is considered. Please also complete our annual Service Level and Engagement Survey

Communication and Annual Engagement Survey,

as that plays a significant role in council decision making and budget planning (from your feedback and input).

Some of the transparency of decision making is via regular council meetings, the Council approved Strategic Plan, Council approved Business Plan, triannual reporting, meeting agendas and minutes, website and social media updates, content in the Lamont Leader including notifications in inFocus, meeting summaries and advertising notifications. 

Council meetings, historically, can involve and require a commitment of closer to a 6-8 hours per meeting. Towns and villages set their own meeting agendas.

For a County, it typically is not reasonable to host these meetings in the evening (as they could run significantly later into the evening and past midnight), which is why the meetings are also recorded and shared.

The public has opportunity to review all meetings through the meeting agendas, minutes and posted video recordings. Councillors are accessible by phone and email, and through events such as coffee talks. Meeting Agendas and Recordings,

Lamont County also provides a media update to local newspapers and radio (and sometimes televisions stations) to cover what was discussed and how it affects the public; we also provide Highlights of each meeting posted at and on social media to summarize what was discussed and approved.

Residents can attend meetings live or digitally, and can request a delegation (either in person or by written submission) with the appropriate notice to speak. 

When required, public hearings are presented for opportunity to speak (and written submissions can also be submitted to be read). 

A code of conduct guides how councillors carry out their roles and responsibilities. It identifies the role of councillors and what the public can reasonably expect from their councillors. It is a requirement of Sections 146.1(1), 146.1(3) and 153 of the Municipal Government Act.

A Code of Conduct is an agreed upon framework to guide the behaviour of councillors. by setting clear, concise and enforceable rules of conduct as the benchmark for behaviour and is the ruler by which alleged misconduct can be measured, acted upon and corrected. The code of conduct outlines roles and responsibilities in dealing with administration and the public. 

The purpose of this bylaw Is to establish standards for the ethical conduct of members relating to their roles and obligations as representatives of the municipality and a procedure for the investigation and enforcement of those standards. Councillors are expected to conduct themselves honestly, in good faith, with integrity, accountability and transparency. Councillors should conduct themselves professionally and make every effort to participate diligently in their appointed duties and roles, and in respect of the decision-making process.

Breeches of Code of Conduct can be brought forward in informal or formal proceedings. Informal discussions are typically completed in closed session. A formal complaint may involve further investigation.

Lamont County is focused on what is best for its residents (landowners, ratepayers, renters and other stakeholders: the public, business and industrial developments).

Lamont County does work with the Government of Alberta and surrounding municipalities to ensure opportunities and activities are in the County's best interests. It has to follow legislative requirements such as the Municipal Government Act and other mandated procedures.

It does not subscribe to UNESCO, WEF or 15-minute community ideas that are presented by some posts and content online. 

An important factor to tax rates and development across Lamont County is Alberta's Industrial Heartland (AIH). Development and industry in this Designated Industrial Zone (DIZ) will help reduce ratepayer taxes, and it encourages development within the region - which may include potential commercial (and retail) options, residential development and services—all of these support development and opportunities within the region (including efforts towards obtaining a water license from the North Saskatchewan Heritage River for the purposes of development/industry needs and AIH developments).

Lamont County enjoys some of the lowest taxes in the area, owing in large part to the contributions of industrial tax payers.

Economic Development is an important part of Lamont County—more information can be found at, as we are #ReadyforNOW. 

A property assessment is the process of assigning value to each property to equitably distribute the tax burden. Notices are sent out in May each year, with a tax payment deadline of June 30. Tax rates cover service level needs as set by Council.
Additional rates within your tax notice (that are not set by Lamont County) include Alberta School Foundation, Seniors’ Foundation Requisition and Municipal Waste Expense - rate increases/decreases significantly contribute to a higher or lower tax bill as compared to previous years . If you have concern with increases to the school portion please contact your MLA.
Inspections are completed throughout the year and notification to land owners for the  areas identified for assessment are posted via inFocus and at (community calendar). The assessors will identify themselves and have clearly identified vehicles (marked with a Lamont County logo as well as an Accurate Assessment decal). This is legislated by the Municipal Government Act and inspectors are authorized to enter private property for the purposes of inspection.
Lamont County's assessor, Accurate Assessment Group Ltd. completes these assessments on our behalf. To talk with the with questions or concerns, visit or contact
If there is an error in assessment, assessors are able to make adjustments without the need to file a formal complaint. Most concerns are resolved before they reach the Assessment Review Board. 
In Alberta, residential and most commercial property is assessed using the market value approach. Market value is defined as the price a property might reasonably sell for after adequate time and exposure to an open market when sold by a willing seller to a willing buyer.

The assessor will consider the same factors that any other real estate specialist would use when determining the value of a property. Assessors can readily check assessments by making comparisons with recent sales and assessments of similar properties in the neighbourhood.

For residential properties, these factors include but not limited to:

  • lot and home size
  • finished basement
  • construction quality
  • location
  • age
  • upgrades
  • number of bathrooms
  • fireplaces
  • historical and current sales prices

For multi-family (apartment) and commercial properties, these factors also include income and expense information. These types of properties are bought and sold based on the rental (lease) income they produce and therefore property owners may be requested to submit this information to the assessor.


Lamont County has an annual gravelling program that identifies priority areas for resurfacing and repair. Work is typically completed during the summer months.

Snow Removal:

All County roads are maintained according to the following priority list:

During a snowfall event, the County will use the following order of priority for snow removal (connecting roads with a lower priority will also be treated for efficiency purposes).

a) Emergencies (Ambulance, Police, Fire, Utilities);
b) Major collector roads and Hamlets;
c) Bus Routes;
d) Minor collector roads;
e) Local roads (e.g., Dead End Roads, etc.);
f) Private Driveways;
g) Public Facilities as requested (churches, cemeteries, community halls);
h) Snow removal from approaches (including snow ridges that may have accumulated
on approaches); then
i) Private approaches (if not done as part of snow clearing) and unmaintained road
allowances used for agricultural purposes, on a per request basis as equipment and
resources are available.

Completion and priorities are determined in Council, as well as the rotation and vehicle/staff requirements. 

Please complete a Service Request if there are roads that need attention:

Gravel road maintenance includes regular blading, gravelling, dust control and shoulder pulling activities throughout the year. This includes:

  • road grading;
  • shaping;
  • adding material;
  • removing washboards and potholes; and 
  • dust control.

Activities follow the graveling, snow removal, and dust control programs.

The daily traffic volume on rural roads determines the most suitable road surface—typically this can be asphalt, cold mix, dust-controlled gravel or loose gravel.

  1. Dust-controlled gravel roads – gravel roads that have been oiled. These roads have the appearance of a hard surface road, such as asphalt.  
  2. Loose gravel roads – loose gravel surface with dust control near residences.

Maintenance approaches

Gravel roads are monitored and maintained as needed from April to September; and based on the condition of the road, different techniques will be used to maintain a suitable road surface for safe travel, including re-gravelling, blading or reshaping. If you experience road issues, please complete a service request ( 

Depending on traffic volumes and the weather, as well as the gravelling program, rural gravel roads are maintained and graded throughout the summer to address wash boarding and rutting. The gravelling program is completed on a multi-year cycle.

Depending on the road type and condition, construction could also include:

  • Re-gravelling;
  • Blading;
  • Reshaping;
  • Culvert repairs and minor ditching work; and
  • Road base repairs or reconstruction and reshaping.

Each summer, as part of the dust control program, identified rural gravel roads are typically treated with calcium chloride or another similar product for dust suppression.

NOTE: Alberta winters are hard on all roads, and every type of road surface requires regular maintenance. We are continually monitoring and addressing issues on all rural roads as needed, with a focus on safety, sustainability and allocation of resources.


Alberta Transportation is responsible for maintenance, construction, and snow removal on Highways.

Rail Crossings

Complaints about train noise, whistles, general property maintenance, or blocked crossings, should be directed to the CN Public Inquiry Line.  CN will record, log and act on the complaint.

Emergencies or operational problems with grade crossing warning systems (lights, bells, gates), suspicious activities, trespassing on tracks, or unlawful activity, should be directed to the CN Police.  An officer will be dispatched when appropriate

Lamont County monitors and maintains all rural roads on an annual basis to maintain quality roadways that enable safe travel. 

The four primary causes of washboarding (corrugation of roads) are:

1. Driving habits (speed);

2. Lack of moisture;

3. Poor gravel quality; and

4. Lack of crown on the road surface.

Lamont County uses appropriate gravel for its roads and works year-round to mitigate washboarding.

To prevent the rippling/washboarding, please maintain proper speed for the road conditions. Dry weather and crowning road profiles also impacts road condition.

Please complete a Service Request if there are roads that need attention:

When conditions warrant (dry weather, winds, wildfires, etc.), Lamont County updates to three distinct fire status:

1. Fire Advisory

During a Fire Advisory, there are no restrictions during this time. Individuals will need to apply for a permit for all open-air burning as per policy. Extreme caution for off-road vehicles, fireworks and exploding targets should be used. Campfires, charcoal barbecues, burn barrels, propane fueled fire pits are permitted.

2. Fire Restriction

During a Fire Restriction, active fire permits are rescinded, and no new fire permits will be issued. Fireworks and exploding targets are prohibited until further notice. Campfires, charcoal barbecues, burn barrels, propane fueled fire pits are permitted.

3. Fire Ban

During a Fire Ban, campfires, fireworks, exploding targets, charcoal barbeques, burn barrels, fires that require a fire permit, and any other type of outside burning are prohibited until further notice. Propane barbeques and ULC approved propane fueled fire pits are permitted. 

Off-Highway Restriction during a Fire Ban: No person shall operate an Off-Highway Vehicle on Municipal Property, Highway, Permitted Use Area, or trail in Lamont County during a Fire Ban and Off-Highway Vehicle Restriction.

A person who sets a fire during this ban may be prosecuted and will be responsible for the costs of extinguishing the fire pursuant to Lamont County Regional Fire Services Bylaw 847.22 For information, please contact Lamont County, (780) 895-2233. 

BRUSH PILE/DEMOLISHED BUILDING PERMITS expire February 28/29 each year. As per County Policy, there is no brush pile burning between March 1 and October 31.

BURN PERMITS are also not issued between Dec. 23 and Jan. 2 as per Lamont County Policy #4121.

Burning and permits are not allowed from December 23 through January 2 inclusive.

From June 1 to Aug. 31, herbicide for brush & noxious weed control is applied in Lamont County by trained & licensed applicators using a marked spray truck. Applicators will not spray adjacent to maintained yard sites. Questions/concerns, contact Ag. Services at (780) 895-2585 or Cortex at 587-785-0483.

Lamont County ensures paved and gravelled roadsides are mowed to improve visibility and to control undesired vegetation or regulated weeds. 

Brushing and mulching are conducted in County-owned ditches and roadsides in parts of rural Lamont County as part of the vegetation management program. Ornamental trees near approaches and shelterbelts on private property are not removed as part of this program.

Brushing involves removing trees along the roadside. Mulching uses a machine to shred trees and brush into mulch chips that are left to naturally decompose in the ditch over time.

If you have concerns that a roadside near you is being neglected or vegetation is becoming a hazard, please contact Ag Services at 780-895-2585.

Please complete a Service Request if there are road related, garbage, signage or other concerns that need attention:

Railway Weed Management

Updated schedules for CN rail weed management can be found on the CN Rail website.

Highway Maintenance

Highway mowing is completed by the Government of Alberta (Alberta Transportation: 780-963-5711) and Emcon Services Inc. (1-800-390-2242):

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Weed inspections commence in June each year. Agricultural Services staff (weed inspectors) look for prohibited and noxious weeds. This is regulated under the Alberta Weed Control Act. Inspectors are authorized to enter private property for the purposes of inspection.

Please see and

Please report prohibited and noxious weeds to Ag. Services at 780-895-2585.

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Report any signs and sightings to Lamont County Ag. Services at 780-895-2585 and see squeal-on-pigs/.

It is important not to hunt feral pigs, as they are intelligent and it makes it more difficult to trap and remove. Hunting is NOT an effective option.

Boars can be farmed in Alberta as livestock, but are not native to the province. When not being raised on a farm, these wild animals are “at large” and considered an invasive species. They are declared a pest under the Pest Control Act.

Wild boars can damage property, crops, pastures and the environment, as well as be a danger to people and animals (sharp tusks), harass livestock, spread disease, and destroy habitats; they are an omnivore that eats almost any organic matter—including other animals.

Signs to watch for:
     •  Tracks in the snow or mud;
     •  Signs of digging or rolling around;
     •  Boars eating livestock feed; and
     •  Boar droppings.

If you see a wild boar at-large call 310-FARM (3276) or email note the location and safely provide any photos of damage caused by wild boar or the animals themselves. Provincial government staff will collect the information and work with the landowner and the municipality to help find a solution (hunting is not a solution).

ASK a Question - Clarifying Information and FAQs

Please provide any questions you have, or rumours that you would like to know more about.

Lamont County Communications will do its best to provide answers and updates so you have the most accurate information related to what you may have heard.

Thank you!

For Service Requests related to maintenance programs include graveling, grading, plowing, culvert replacement, bridge repairs, crack filling, patching, sign replacement, road reconstruction and ditch (garbage) clean-up, please visit:

FOIP Acknowledgement

Personal information is being collected under the authority of Section 33 (c) of the Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act and may only be used for the purpose it was intended. If you have any questions about collection and use of this information, contact Lamont County Legislative Services at 5303 50 Ave., Lamont, Alberta, T0B 2R0, (780) 895-2233.